“…it was because a peculiar light brought to view every detail of it. It was not the light of the sun, with his dazzling shafts of brightness and the splendour of his rays; nor was it the pale and uncertain shimmer of the moonbeams, the dim reflection of a nobler body of light. No; the illuminating power of this light, its trembling diffusiveness, its bright, clear whiteness, and its low temperature, showed that it must be of electric origin. It was like an aurora borealis, a continuous cosmical phenomenon…”

Jules Verne: “Journey into the Interior of the Earth”, translation by Frederick Amadeus Malleson (1877).


1eagle_cave_sRGB 81nega

Inclined tunnel to the empty fuel reserve




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  Stope, end of the drift





3stope-tourist99+00+95 col negaSMALL

Big stope filled with ectoplasm





4Mustikka nega WNW_2 copy

Cave 1425 towards west north-west





Hellhole downwards





6kivikko nega patja ym29

Man cave 1242




7stope vellu col nega2_ 37_C+BWSMALL

Big stope photographer